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Amnesia is a condition in which a person loses memories of experiences, facts and information. Some people lose their sense of self-identity, but in many cases, that doesn’t happen. Instead, they may not be able to form new memories or could have trouble with retaining new information. Some people lose memories of recent events.

Amnesia is caused, in some cases, by the brain being damaged in the area where memories are processed. Amnesia can be permanent, which can change a patient’s life permanently.

There are two kinds of amnesia that a person can suffer from. The first is anterograde, which is difficulty learning new information, and the second is retrograde, which is difficulty recalling past events and information. Short-term memory troubles are common for those with amnesia. Some people may retain childhood memories while forgetting recent events, while others may be unable to identify the day, year or other current information.

When a person suffers amnesia due to damage to the brain, it’s known as neurological amnesia. It can be caused by a lack of oxygen to the brain, seizures and concussions. Shock and trauma may cause psychogenic amnesia, where a person loses personal memories and information about themselves. This is usually temporary for those who suffer it, but it may last.

For people who suffer this condition due to a medical mistake, accident or other kind of trauma, symptoms can be managed. It’s important that you receive the medical care you need to help work through the condition; that care should be paid for by the person at fault for your injury. You can seek compensation through legal negotiations or a lawsuit.